Acceptance of the 'Assessment of Physiotherapy Practice (Chinese)' as a standardised evaluation of professional competency in Chinese physiotherapy students: An observational study

Jia Hu, Alice Y.M. Jones, Xuelian Zhou, Hua Zhai, Shirley P.C. Ngai, Ka Chun Siu, Megan Dalton

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Background: Development of an entry-level physiotherapy curriculum in China currently follows the World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT) guidelines, however there is no standard, validated, assessment tool for physiotherapy practice in use in China. This article reports the process of translation of the "Assessment of Physiotherapy Practice" (APP), a validated assessment instrument adopted by all universities in Australia and New Zealand, into Chinese (APP-Chinese) and its implementation by Chinese physiotherapy clinical educators (CEs) and students during clinical placements. Methods: The process of forward and backward translation of the APP was undertaken by a team of academics from universities in Shanghai, Hong Kong, United States and Australia. An APP-Chinese version was produced and used for assessment of the clinical performance of 4th year students at a university in Shanghai. Feedback on the implementation of the APP-Chinese was solicited from students and CEs using the same two questionnaires employed to assess implementation of the original APP. Results: All CEs agreed that the rules used to score the APP-Chinese were helpful in assessing student performance. Over 90% of the CEs considered the APP-Chinese was pragmatic for use in the clinical environment in China. All students agreed with the rating of their performance on the APP-Chinese marked by their educators, and that the performance indicators were useful in guiding their expected performance behaviour. Conclusion: The APP-Chinese is the first standardised assessment tool for evaluation of clinical performance of physiotherapy students in China and was shown to be well accepted by both students and CEs in the clinical education unit and university involved in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108
JournalBMC Medical Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2020


  • Clinical education
  • Competency-oriented assessment tool
  • Physiotherapy practice assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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