It is experimentally known that a polymer matrix phase in a composite of ferroelectric particles dispersed in a ferroelectric polymer can be polarized by using a few cycles of an ac field, without causing much disturbance to the state of polarization of the inclusion particles. This paper attempts to investigate this special poling process for a typical ferroelectric composite system of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) ceramic particles in a vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene (P(VDF-TrFE)) copolymer matrix, upon the application of 10Hz ac fields of various amplitudes. Compared to a copolymer sample, the composite samples can be polarized at a lower field, and hence show a larger "remanent" polarization at the same poling field. Among the composites, the observed "remanent" polarization increases with increasing ceramic volume fraction. These experimental observations can be understood by a simple model, in which space charges are allowed to accumulate at the particle-matrix interfaces because of the electrical conductivity of the constituents. At a fast switching poling field of 10Hz, the calculation shows that conductivity and charge accumulation effects in the composite are only minimal. Accordingly, although the PZT phase as well as the copolymer phase are both polarized under the ac field, the ceramic phase is only polarized to about 10% when the copolymer phase is almost fully polarized. Thus, one can still use an ac field to polarize only the copolymer phase of the composite without altering the polarization state of the ceramic phase significantly.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)