A virtual acoustic black hole on a cantilever beam

Samuel Quaegebeur, Ghislain Raze, Li Cheng, Gaëtan Kerschen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


An acoustic black hole (ABH) consists of a tapered structure whose thickness follows a power-law profile. When attached to a host structure, an ABH localizes and traps the vibrational energy, which can then be dissipated through, e.g., a damping layer. However, effective vibration mitigation is known to occur only above a cut-on frequency which is inversely proportional to the length of the tapered structure. In this context, the main thrust of this paper is to replace a mechanical ABH by a digital controller so as to create a so-called virtual acoustic black hole (VABH), thus, freeing the ABH from possible mechanical constraints (e.g., compactness, manufacturing and fatigue issues). The proposed VABH is first detailed theoretically. The salient features and performance of the VABH are then demonstrated both numerically and experimentally using a cantilever beam as a host structure. Eventually, it is shown that the VABH significantly enlarges the applicability of the concept of an ABH.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117697
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2023


  • Acoustic black hole
  • Active control
  • Dynamic substructuring
  • Vibration mitigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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