A van der Waals pn heterojunction with organic/inorganic semiconductors

Daowei He, Yiming Pan, Haiyan Nan, Shuai Gu, Ziyi Yang, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Luo, Bingchen Xu, Yuhan Zhang, Yun Li, Zhenhua Ni, Baigeng Wang, Jia Zhu, Yang Chai, Yi Shi, Xinran Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


� 2015 AIP Publishing LLC. van der Waals (vdW) heterojunctions formed by two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted tremendous attention due to their excellent electrical/optical properties and device applications. However, current 2D heterojunctions are largely limited to atomic crystals, and hybrid organic/inorganic structures are rarely explored. Here, we fabricate the hybrid 2D heterostructures with p-type dioctylbenzothienobenzothiophene (C8-BTBT) and n-type MoS2. We find that few-layer C8-BTBT molecular crystals can be grown on monolayer MoS2by vdW epitaxy, with pristine interface and controllable thickness down to monolayer. The operation of the C8-BTBT/MoS2vertical heterojunction devices is highly tunable by bias and gate voltages between three different regimes: interfacial recombination, tunneling, and blocking. The pn junction shows diode-like behavior with rectifying ratio up to 105at the room temperature. Our devices also exhibit photovoltaic responses with a power conversion efficiency of 0.31% and a photoresponsivity of 22 mA/W. With wide material combinations, such hybrid 2D structures will offer possibilities for opto-electronic devices that are not possible from individual constituents.
Original languageEnglish
Article number183103
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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