A unified dataset for the city-scale traffic assignment model in 20 U.S. cities

Xiaotong Xu, Zhenjie Zheng, Zijian Hu, Kairui Feng, Wei Ma

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


City-scale traffic data, such as traffic flow, speed, and density on every road segment, are the foundation of modern urban research. However, accessing such data on a city scale is challenging due to the limited number of sensors and privacy concerns. Consequently, most of the existing traffic datasets are typically limited to small, specific urban areas with incomplete data types, hindering the research in urban studies, such as transportation, environment, and energy fields. It still lacks a city-scale traffic dataset with comprehensive data types and satisfactory quality that can be publicly available across cities. To address this issue, we propose a unified approach for producing city-scale traffic data using the classic traffic assignment model in transportation studies. Specifically, the inputs of our approach are sourced from open public databases, including road networks, traffic demand, and travel time. Then the approach outputs comprehensive and validated citywide traffic data on the entire road network. In this study, we apply the proposed approach to 20 cities in the United States, achieving an average correlation coefficient of 0.79 in average travel time and an average relative error of 5.16% and 10.47% in average travel speed when compared with the real-world data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number325
JournalScientific data
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Information Systems
  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Library and Information Sciences


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