A Two-Stage Radar Sensing Approach based on MIMO-OFDM Technology

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Recently, integrating the communication and sensing functions into a common network has attracted a great amount of attention. This paper considers the advanced signal processing techniques for enabling the radar to sense the environment via the communication signals. Since the technologies of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) and multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) are widely used in the legacy cellular systems, this paper proposes a two-stage signal processing approach for radar sensing in an MIMO-OFDM system, where the scattered channels caused by various targets are estimated in the first stage, and the location information of the targets is then extracted from their scattered channels in the second stage. Specifically, based on the observations that radar sensing is similar to multi-path communication in the sense that different targets scatter the signal sent by the radar transmitter to the radar receiver with various delay, and that the number of scatters is limited, we show that the OFDM-based channel training approach together with the compressed sensing technique can be utilized to estimate the scattered channels efficiently in Stage I. Moreover, to tackle the challenge arising from range resolution for sensing the location of closely spaced targets, we show that the MIMO radar technique can be leveraged in Stage II such that the radar has sufficient spatial samples to even detect the targets in close proximity based on their scattered channels. Last, numerical examples are provided to show the effectiveness of our proposed sensing approach which merely relies on the existing MIMO-OFDM communication techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2020 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728173078
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Event2020 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2020 - Virtual, Taipei, Taiwan
Duration: 7 Dec 202011 Dec 2020

Publication series

Name2020 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2020 - Proceedings


Conference2020 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2020
CityVirtual, Taipei

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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