A two-dimensional classification framework for service-learning

Grace Ngai, S.C.F. Chan

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic research


This paper presents a framework to relate and quantify two aspects of service-learning projects that are often in tension with each other. When students are brought to work in the community as part of an intentional learning experience, there is often a trade-off between the amounts of useful, impactful service that they can provide, versus the social learning that they can attain through executing these projects. Furco (1996) proposed a continuum that relates community service, service learning, field education and internships, but it is often not easy to decide where one begins and the other ends. This framework is therefore an attempt to more clearly delineate the different modes of engaged learning.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Service-Learning (ICSL 2016), the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 1-2 Dec 2016
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event2nd International Conference on Service-Learning [ICSL] - , Hong Kong
Duration: 1 Dec 20162 Dec 2016


Conference2nd International Conference on Service-Learning [ICSL]
Country/TerritoryHong Kong


  • Service vs. learning
  • Framework


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