A theoretical and experimental investigation into five-DOF dynamic characteristics of an aerostatic bearing spindle in ultra-precision diamond turning

S. J. Zhang, Suet To, H. T. Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


In ultra-precision diamond turning (UPDT), spindle vibration has great influence on machining precision of high precision optical components. However, the spindle-vibration mechanism has not been fully understood. In this study, mathematical solutions for a proposed five-degree-of-freedom (FDOF) dynamic model of an aerostatic bearing spindle are derived to explore natural mechanisms of spindle vibration. Thus, the potential benefits of the solutions are to be applied for the prediction and optimization of the effects of spindle vibration on surface generation. Its dynamic characteristics possess three translational frequencies along the radial and axial directions, a spindle rotational frequency (SRF), and a pair of coupled tilting frequencies (CTFs) around the radial directions influenced the SRF. The theoretical results are identified by the frequency characteristics of thrust cutting forces, and the periodic, concentric, spiral, radial and two-fold patterns (PCSRPs) of the machined and simulated surface topographies, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2013


  • Aerostatic bearing spindle
  • Five-degree-of-freedom dynamic model
  • Surface topography
  • Ultra-precision diamond turning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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