A systematic review of running shoes and lower leg biomechanics: A possible link with patellofemoral pain syndrome?

Tsz Hei Cheung, Gabriel Y. Ng

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This paper aims to review the relationship between running shoes and lower leg biomechanics in order to establish a possible link between patellofemoral pain syndrome and running shoe design. This may shed light on the alternative management of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Data sources: MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL and EMBase databases were searched using the following keyword: patellofemoral, footwear, motion, kinematics, shoe, running knee, pain. Study section: A total of 42 articles were screened. Data extraction: Manuscripts were read and then grouped into the different sub-topics of this review paper, including, (1) patellofemoral pain syndrome; (2) the relationship between excessive foot pronation and patellofemoral pain syndrome, (3) footwear for controlling excessive rearfoot pronation; and (4) the relationship between patellofemoral pain syndrome and running shoes. Data synthesis: Possible kinematics transfer from the rearfoot to the patellofemoral joint is illustrated. This may provide a rationale for tackling patellofemoral pain syndrome through the appropriate selection of running shoes. Conclusion: Appropriate footwear selection may contribute to the effective management of patellofemoral pain syndrome in runners with excessive rearfoot pronation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational SportMed Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2007


  • Injury
  • Knee
  • Motion control
  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome
  • Running shoe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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