A systematic literature review and analysis towards developing PPP models for delivering smart infrastructure

Nimesha Sahani Jayasena, Daniel W.M. Chan, Mohan Kumaraswamy

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Rising human aspirations leading to rapid urbanisation, amidst climate changes and other environmental pressures have aggravated the needs for better-focused sustainable urban development in general as well as for smart and sustainable cities in particular. Indeed, smart infrastructure (SI) development is a prerequisite for smart cities (SCs). However, inadequate funding and expertise for such SI development pose profound challenges that may be partially addressed by mobilising private finance and efficiencies through collaborative public–private partnership (PPP) models. This paper provides a holistic review and analysis of the relevant literature, as a basis for proposing such PPP models for developing SI. Design/methodology/approach: A systematic literature review helped to fulfil the aim of this paper in the first phase of the underlying longer-term study. Authoritative search engines like Scopus and Web of Science indexed articles were reviewed and analysed, 85% of these being journal articles. Findings: SCs that necessarily include SI are important in overcoming current urban challenges in developing and developed countries. Given shortfalls in traditional procurement and funding models, special PPP models are required for SI development. After identifying the relevant needs, drivers, barriers and challenges in different countries, a general indicative framework is developed to illustrate how the various interacting force fields can be harnessed to develop the envisaged PPP models that can complement non-PPP procurement models. Originality/value: PPP for SI development is a relatively new, hence, under-researched topic. This desktop review and analysis provide a useful launching pad for the development of SI through overcoming the potential challenges in traditional procurement and financial models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-137
Number of pages17
JournalBuilt Environment Project and Asset Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2021


  • Public-private partnership
  • Smart cities
  • Smart infrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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