A study on the use of waste glass in preparing alkali-activated repairing material

Hafiz Asad Ali, Sun Keke, Yazan Alrefaei, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Excessive autogenous shrinkage and poor bond performance associated with GGBS-based alkali-activated repairing materials are limiting factors affecting their wide applications. To address these issues, this study focuses on the use of waste glass powder (WGP) as a precursor and glass cullet (GC) as a fine aggregate in preparing alkali-activated repairing mortars (AARMs). The bond strengths and autogenous shrinkages were assessed. Results found that the optimal content of WGP in preparing AARMs was 50% for obtaining a bond strength of 1.70 MPa and shrinkage of about 3500 µstrains. In addition, it was observed that incorporating 50% WGP in combination with GC further decreased the shrinkage compared to the mixture prepared with river sand. Furthermore, the inclusion of 10 wt% MK decreased the flowability and strengths. However, it significantly reduced the autogenous shrinkage (1900 µstrains), producing a compact and intact interfacial bonding zone due to the absence of micro cracking and the presence of N-A-S-H alongside C-A-S-H gels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136803
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2024


  • Alkali-activated materials
  • Bond strengths
  • Interfacial transition zone (ITZ)
  • Repairing material
  • Shrinkage
  • Waste glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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