A study on ionospheric irregularities and associated scintillations using multi-constellation GNSS observations

Zhizhao Liu, Zhe Yang, Wu Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationConference articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ionospheric scintillation as one of the earliest known effects of space weather is a major issue in the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). While being vulnerable to ionospheric scintillations, GNSS signals in return provide valuable information for understanding ionospheric variability and space weather. By taking advantage of multi-constellation GNSS observations from a variety of receivers (i.e., Javad, Leica, Trimble and Septentrio) equipped at zero baseline or a short baseline, the impacts of associated scintillations on GNSS signals and the ionospheric plasma irregularities are investigated in the present study. The 1-sec rate of change of total electron content (TEC) index is utilized to characterize the ionospheric plasma irregularities. It is found that the GLONASS L2 signal is the most vulnerable to ionospheric scintillation effects, and the Beidou B1 and B2 signals are subject to more scintillations than GPS L1, L2 signals, GLONASS L1 signal. Among the signals of each GNSS system, the largest strength of scintillations is observed by the GPS L5 signal, the GLONASS L1 signal and the Beidou B2 signal. In general, the strength of the amplitude scintillation of GNSS signals decreases with the increase frequency. Besides the impact of ionospheric scintillations on multi-GNSS signals, an inconsistent representation in ionospheric plasma irregularities by 1-sec ROTI derived from multi-constellation GNSS measurements is found among the diverse GNSS receivers (i.e. Javad, Leica, Trimble and Septentrio receivers). It is suspected that the various tracking techniques adopted in those receivers may be responsible for the discrepancy. Further study is still needed for seeking the possible reasons. This study contributes to the knowledge of ionospheric irregularities and associated scintillations using multi-constellation GNSS observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-865
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of the Institute of Navigation Pacific Positioning, Navigation and Timing Meeting, Pacific PNT
Volume2017-May
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventInstitute of Navigation Pacific Positioning, Navigation and Timing Meeting, PACIFIC PNT 2017 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 1 May 20174 May 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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