A structural analysis of the first Cardington test

M. Gillie, Asif Sohail Usmani, J.M. Rotter

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a finite element analysis of the first Cardington test using shell elements to model the concrete floor slab. The behaviour of these elements is defined using FEAST, a program that allows the behaviour of the shell elements to be defined within the commercial finite element package ABAQUS, using stress-resultants. The model of the test is described and the assumptions that were made are noted and justified. The results of the analysis indicate that the response of the structure is overwhelmingly dominated by the effects of thermal expansion and that material degradation and gravity loading are of secondary importance. It is noted that as a consequence of the rectangular nature of the fire compartment, tensile membrane action occurs from the beginning of the test. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-601
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Composite slabs in fire
  • Finite element modelling
  • Restrained beam test
  • Restrained thermal expansion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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