A spatial temporal graph neural network model for predicting flashover in arbitrary building floorplans

Wai Cheong Tam, Eugene Yujun Fu, Jiajia Li, Xinyan Huang, Jian Chen, Michael Xuelin Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Rapid fire progression, such as flashover, has been one of the leading causes for firefighter deaths and injuries in residential building environments. Due to long computational time of and the required prior knowledge about the fire scene, existing models cannot be used to predict the potential occurrence of flashover in practical firefighting applications. In this paper, a scene-agnostic model (FlashNet) is proposed to predict flashover based on limited heat detector temperature information up to 150 °C. FlashNet utilizes spatial temporal graph convolutional neural networks to effectively learn features from the limited temperature information and to tackle building structure variations. The proposed model is benchmarked against five different state-of-the-art flashover prediction models. Results show that FlashNet outperforms the existing flashover prediction models and it can reliably predict flashover 30 s preceding its occurrence with an overall accuracy of about 92.1%. Ablation study is carried out to examine the effectiveness of different key model components and geometric average adjacency matrix. The research outcomes from this study are expected to enhance firefighters’ situational awareness in the fire scene, protecting them from hazardous fire environments and to pave the way for the development of data-driven prediction systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105258
JournalEngineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Compartment fires
  • Intelligent system
  • Machine learning
  • Smart firefighting
  • Synthetic fire data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A spatial temporal graph neural network model for predicting flashover in arbitrary building floorplans'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this