A Review on Development and Applications of Bio-Inspired Superhydrophobic Textiles

Ishaq Ahmad, Chi Wai Kan

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bio-inspired engineering has been envisioned in a wide array of applications. All living bodies on Earth, including animals and plants, have well organized functional systems developed by nature. These naturally designed functional systems inspire scientists and engineers worldwide to mimic the system for practical applications by human beings. Researchers in the academic world and industries have been trying, for hundreds of years, to demonstrate how these natural phenomena could be translated into the real world to save lives, money and time. One of the most fascinating natural phenomena is the resistance of living bodies to contamination by dust and other pollutants, thus termed as self-cleaning phenomenon. This phenomenon has been observed in many plants, animals and insects and is termed as the Lotus Effect. With advancement in research and technology, attention has been given to the exploration of the underlying mechanisms of water repellency and self-cleaning. As a result, various concepts have been developed including Young's equation, andWenzel and Cassie-Baxter theories. The more we unravel this process, the more we get access to its implications and applications. A similar pursuit is emphasized in this review to explain the fundamental principles, mechanisms, past experimental approaches and ongoing research in the development of bio-inspired superhydrophobic textiles.
Original languageEnglish
Article number892
JournalMaterials
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Contact angle
  • Oil-water separation
  • Self-cleaning
  • Superhydrophobic textiles
  • UV-protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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