A review of using Traditional Chinese Medicine in the management of glaucoma and cataract

Ka-Ying Wong (Corresponding Author), Chau-Minh Phan, Yat-Tin Chan, Alisa Chui Ying Yuen, Huan Zhang, Danyue Zhao, Ka-Yin Chan, Chi Wai Do, Chuen Lam, Joanne Han Qiao, David Wulff, Alex Hui, Lyndon Jones, Man Sau Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Traditional Chinese Medicine has a long history in ophthalmology in China. Over 250 kinds of Traditional Chinese Medicine have been recorded in ancient books for the management of eye diseases, which may provide an alternative or supplement to current ocular therapies. However, the core holistic philosophy of Traditional Chinese Medicine that makes it attractive can also hinder its understanding from a scientific perspective – in particular, determining true cause and effect. This review focused on how Traditional Chinese Medicine could be applied to two prevalent ocular diseases, glaucoma, and cataract. The literature on preclinical and clinical studies in both English and Chinese on the use of Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat these two diseases was reviewed. The pharmacological effects, safety profile, and drug-herb interaction of selected herbal formulas were also investigated. Finally, key considerations for conducting future Traditional Chinese Medicine studies are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2246480
Pages (from-to)156-170
Number of pages15
JournalClinical and Experimental Optometry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2023


  • Cataract
  • drug-herb interactions
  • glaucoma
  • herbal medicine
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine


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