A refined convergence analysis of pDCA e with applications to simultaneous sparse recovery and outlier detection

Tianxiang Liu, Ting Kei Pong, Akiko Takeda

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11 Citations (Scopus)


We consider the problem of minimizing a difference-of-convex (DC) function, which can be written as the sum of a smooth convex function with Lipschitz gradient, a proper closed convex function and a continuous possibly nonsmooth concave function. We refine the convergence analysis in Wen et al. (Comput Optim Appl 69, 297–324, 2018) for the proximal DC algorithm with extrapolation (pDCA e ) and show that the whole sequence generated by the algorithm is convergent without imposing differentiability assumptions in the concave part. Our analysis is based on a new potential function and we assume such a function is a Kurdyka–Łojasiewicz (KL) function. We also establish a relationship between our KL assumption and the one used in Wen et al. (2018). Finally, we demonstrate how the pDCA e can be applied to a class of simultaneous sparse recovery and outlier detection problems arising from robust compressed sensing in signal processing and least trimmed squares regression in statistics. Specifically, we show that the objectives of these problems can be written as level-bounded DC functions whose concave parts are typically nonsmooth. Moreover, for a large class of loss functions and regularizers, the KL exponent of the corresponding potential function are shown to be 1/2, which implies that the pDCA e is locally linearly convergent when applied to these problems. Our numerical experiments show that the pDCA e usually outperforms the proximal DC algorithm with nonmonotone linesearch (Liu et al. in Math Program, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10107-018-1327-8, Appendix A) in both CPU time and solution quality for this particular application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-100
Number of pages32
JournalComputational Optimization and Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • Difference-of-convex optimization
  • Kurdyka–Lojasiewicz property
  • Outlier detection
  • Sparse recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Optimization
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

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