Objective: To examine the efficacy of compensatory prospective memory training, preceded by self-awareness training for adults with traumatic brain injury. Design: Randomized controlled trial with 4 intervention groups: (i) self-awareness plus compensatory prospective memory training; (ii) self-awareness training plus active control; (iii) active control plus compensatory prospective memory training; and (iv) active control only. Subjects: Forty-five rehabilitation patients with moderatesevere traumatic brain injury living in the community. Methods: Four groups of participants completed an 8-session individual intervention programme with pre-and postassessment by a blind assessor on a standardized test of prospective memory, actual strategy use, relatives' ratings of prospective memory failure, and level of psychosocial reintegration. Results: Larger changes in prospective memory test score and strategy use were found in groups with compensatory prospective memory training compared with those groups without. Conclusion: The results provide evidence that prospective memory can be improved in patients with traumatic brain injury using a compensatory approach in a relatively short duration and low intensity intervention. © 2011 The Authors.
- Brain injuries
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation