A randomised controlled trial comparing the effects of directive and non-directive parenting programmes as a universal prevention programme

Stanley Chan, Man Cynthia Leung, Matthew Sanders

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to compare the effectiveness of directive programmes led by professionals where parents were taught specific parenting knowledge and strategies (Triple P - Positive Parenting Program) and non-directive parenting programmes in the form of mutual-aid support group as a universal prevention programme. Design/methodology/approach - This study employed a randomised controlled trial design. Participants included 92 Hong Kong Chinese parents with preschool children recruited from eight kindergartens and a local church. They were randomised into Group Triple P, non-directive group and control group. They completed measures on their perception of child behaviour problems and their parental stress before and after intervention. Findings - At post-intervention, results indicated significantly greater decrease in child disruptive behaviours among participants in the Triple P group than those in the non-directive group and control group while no significant group difference was found between the latter two groups. No significant difference was found in post-intervention parental stress level among the three groups. Originality/value - This study provides empirical evidence to demonstrate the effectiveness of a directive parenting programme vs a non-directive one.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-53
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Children's Services
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2016


  • Children
  • Chinese
  • Evaluation
  • Parenting training programme
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Universal programme

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law

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