A qualitative exploration of the experiences of patients with breast cancer receiving outpatient-based chemotherapy

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Abstract

Background: The outcome evaluation using a mixed-methods approach is not common in interventional studies of nurse-led chemotherapy care programmes. A qualitative approach could provide a deep understanding of the experiences of patients. Design: A qualitative study was conducted. Methods: This is part of a randomized controlled trial of a nurse-led care programme (NCT02228200). Individual interviews were conducted in 2013 with 10 patients with breast cancer after they had completed the chemotherapy. Qualitative content analysis was adopted to analyse the interviews. Findings: Chemotherapy affected the patients in different ways. Some participants completed the chemotherapy treatment smoothly with minimum side effects, while others encountered many problems during the treatment, which had a great impact on their lives. Guided by their coping attitudes, which were affected by the Chinese culture, most participants adopted behavioural, social, cognitive and emotional strategies to actively cope with the chemotherapy. A few tolerated the treatment passively. Some thought that the process of undergoing chemotherapy was physically bearable, while some equated it with suffering. Others regarded it as a chance to get a new start. Conclusion: The experience of patients with breast cancer during chemotherapy can be likened to that of going on a hike. They reach the peak through different paths and bear different burdens. Yet, they have to go through until the end, regardless of how much of a burden they bear and how they achieve the peak.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2339-2350
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume73
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • chemotherapy
  • chinese population
  • coping
  • life experience
  • nursing
  • qualitative study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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