A psychosocial model of stress-distress relationship among Chinese Americans

Winnie W.S. Mak, Xiaohua Sylvia Chen, Eunice C. Wong, Nolan W.S. Zane

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


This study used a prospective design to test the robustness of a psychosocial model of stress-distress relationship among Chinese Americans. Direct and moderating effects of personal resources (hardiness and self-esteem) as well as stress (recent events, daily hassles, and financial strain) on psychological distress were tested after accounting for demographic factors and acculturation of 1,503 Chinese Americans, aged 18-65, who were interviewed at two time periods within an 18-month interval in Los Angeles County. Both hardiness and self-esteem had significant main effects on psychological distress. Whereas hardiness did not buffer the stress-distress relationship, self-esteem moderated the effects of recent events and daily hassles on distress. Gender, education, and acculturation were related to levels of distress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-444
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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