A prospective cohort study of community functioning among psychiatric outpatients

Alan H.L. Chan, Samuel Y.S. Wong, Wai Tong Chien

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The present study analyzed the community functioning among Chinese people with common mental disorders and their relationships with different factors under the framework of Model of Human Occupation. The research team followed up a stratified random sample of 238 patients in three public psychiatric specialist outpatient clinics in Hong Kong in one year. The patients completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up in four areas of community functioning (i.e., self-care, independent living skills, social skills, and work skills), self-esteem, self-efficacy, physical functioning, behavioral regulation, mental states, family expressed emotion, and perceived social stigma. The data showed that after 12 months, the patients had positive changes in self-care, work skills, and behavioral regulation. Those patients who had higher levels of self-esteem at baseline and reduced their negative reactions to stigma were more likely to improve social skills, while those patients who perceived less discrimination at baseline and enhanced their self-esteem would have a higher likelihood of making improvement in work skills. The findings implied that the rehabilitation services for people with common mental disorders might target on the enhancement of self-esteem and reduction of discrimination experience to facilitate their improvement in social skills and work skills.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-134
Number of pages10
JournalPsychiatry Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Chinese
  • Environment
  • Expressed emotion
  • Human occupation
  • Stigma
  • Volition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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