A polyethylene glycol-modified solid-state reaction route to synthesize relaxor ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3- PbTiO3 (PMN-PT)

Shuhui Yu, Haitao Huang, Li Min Zhou, Yin Ye

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


By introducing polyethylene glycol (PEG) to the conventional simultaneously mixed oxide reaction route, the 0.65Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)-0. 35PbTiO3 (0.65PMN-0.35PT) powders and ceramics with pure perovskite phase have been successfully synthesized. It is found that PEG interacts with PbO oxide in a way favoring the formation of the desired perovskite phase. As a result, pyrochlore-free 0.65PMN-0.35PT powders are synthesized at a low temperature of 850°C. The ceramics sintered at 1000°C show uniform grains with the size ranging from 1 to 3 μm. The room temperature dielectric constant is 3440. The maximum dielectric constant is 16 220 at 1 kHz. This method can be applied to the synthesis of other Pb-containing and Bi-containing ferroelectric materials, especially the relaxor-type ferroelectrics in which the pyrochlore phase is difficult to eliminate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1057-1064
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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