A one-step and binder-free method to fabricate hierarchical nickel-based supercapacitor electrodes with excellent performance

Guoge Zhang, Wenfang Li, Keyu Xie, Fei Yu, Haitao Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research is currently being carried out in the search for alternative electrode materials to replace the expensive and toxic RuO2-based electrode. As a typical example, nickel oxide or hydroxide has been widely studied but the results are far from satisfactory. Here, using a facile one-step anodization method, a hierarchical nickel compound (HNC) film with an interconnecting 3D nanoflake structure is obtained, providing large electrochemically active surface area and interconnecting nanoscale pore channels for ion transport. The HNC electrode demonstrates significantly improved capacitance, 70 times higher than the reported NiO-TiO2nanotube array electrode with similar thickness. The charge/discharge kinetics are also superior, showing only a 24% capacitance reduction when the scan rate is increased by 50 times, as compared with the typical 70% capacitance reduction for pseudocapacitor electrodes under the same conditions. HNC exhibits an extraordinary excellent cycle life; capacitance increases to 115% after 4500 test cycles. Furthermore, because HNC is in intimate contact with the current collector, it is not necessary to use conducting agents or binders, which reduces the electrode weight and facilitates the electrode preparation process. The method is low cost, facile, scalable, additive free, and is promising for fabricating supercapacitor electrode with excellent performance. A hierarchical nickel compound (HNC) film is prepared using a facile, one-step, and binder-free method. The HNC demonstrates both large capacitance and superior rate capability. The capacitance reduction is only 24%, even when the scan rate is increased by 50 times. The HNC also exhibits an excellent cycle life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3675-3681
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume23
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2013

Keywords

  • anodization
  • electrodes
  • hierarchical materials
  • nickel
  • supercapacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry

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