A nurse-led case management program on home exercise training for hemodialysis patients: A randomized controlled trial

Xingjuan Tao, Susan Ka Yee Chow, Kam Yuet Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Patients on maintenance hemodialysis suffer from diminished physical health. Directly supervised exercise programs have been shown to be effective at improving physical function and optimizing well-being. However, nurses seldom include an exercise intervention in the care plan for hemodialysis patients. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week nurse-led case management program on home exercise training for hemodialysis patients. Design: The study was a randomized, two-parallel group trial. Settings: Hemodialysis units in two tertiary hospitals in Nanjing, mainland China. Participants: One hundred and thirteen adult patients who have been in stable condition while on dialysis treatment for more than 3 months were recruited and randomly assigned to either the study group (. n=. 57) or the control group (. n=. 56). Methods: Both groups underwent a brief weekly in-center exercise training session before their dialysis sessions for the first 6 weeks. The study group received additional nurse case management weekly for the first 6 weeks and biweekly for the following 6 weeks. The intervention was to facilitate patients in performing regular exercise at home. Outcome measures, including gait speed, 10-repetition sit-to-stand performance, and quality of life were collected at baseline, and at 6 and 12 weeks into the program. Results: The results revealed that patients in the study group demonstrated greater increases in normal gait speed [F(1,111)=4.42, p=0.038] than the control group. For the study group, a mean increase of 12.02 (±3.03)centimeters/second from baseline to week 12 was found. With regard to the fast gait speed, there was a marginally significant between-group effect [F(1,111)=3.93, p=0.050]. The study group showed a mean improvement of 11.08 (±3.32)cm/s, from baseline to week 12. Patients from both groups showed improvements in their 10-repetition sit-to-stand performance. The between-group differences approached significance [F(1,111)=3.92, p=0.050], with the study group showed greater improvement than the control group. The time taken by the patients in the study group to complete the 10-STS test increased by 5.75 (±3.88)s from baseline to week 12. Significant improvements in quality of life across three time points were found only in the study group. Conclusions: Home exercise using a nurse-led case management approach is practical and effective in improving the physical function and self-perceived health of stable hemodialysis patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1029-1041
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Functional status
  • Hemodialysis
  • Home exercise
  • Physical activity
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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