A numerical study on the effects of design/operating parameters of the radiant panel in a radiation-based task air conditioning system on indoor thermal comfort and energy saving for a sleeping environment

Jing Du, Mingyin Chan, Dongmei Pan, Shiming Deng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to the increased expectations on human thermal comfort in sleeping environments at a low energy consumption, task/ambient air condition system (TAC) can be the best air conditioning method when considering the immobility of a sleeping person. Previously, convection-based TAC systems for sleeping environments were developed, with an obvious inadequacy of cold-draft problem. Therefore, a new radiation-based TAC system (R-TAC) was previously developed and experimentally studied at a set of fixed design parameter for its radiant panel. Therefore, a follow-up numerical study on the effects of varying design/operating parameters of the radiant panel on indoor thermal comfort and energy saving performances has been carried out, and the study results reported in this paper. Firstly, a geometry model based on the experimental bedroom used in the previous experimental study, boundary conditions and numerical study cases are detailed. Secondly, the results of validating the numerical method using the previous experimental data are reported. Thirdly, the numerical results on indoor thermal comfort, energy saving and draft risk at different surface temperature and emissivity, area of the radiant panel, and the distance between the radiant panel and a bed are presented. The numerical results demonstrated that all the four design/operating parameters of the radiant panel can significantly affect thermal comfort and energy saving performances in the bedroom when using the R-TAC system: increasing surface temperature can lead to a higher PMV value and a higher EUC value; increasing surface emissivity and area of the radiant panel a lower PMV value and a lower EUC value; reducing the distance between the bed and the panel a lower PMV value and a higher EUC value. Finally, the DR values were at a very low level in all the study cases, indicating the cold draft problem encountered when using a convective heat transfer based TAC system for a sleeping environment can be effectively resolved when using the R-TAC system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-262
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume151
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Draft
  • Energy saving
  • Radiant panel
  • Radiation based
  • Sleeping environments
  • Task/ambient air conditioning
  • Thermal comfort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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