A numerical simulation of wing walls using computational fluid dynamics

Cheuk Ming Mak, Jianlei Niu, C. T. Lee, K. F. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Larger window openings in the walls of a building may provide better natural ventilation. However, it also increases the penetration of direct solar radiation into indoor environment. The use of wing wall, one of the green features, is an alternative to create effective natural ventilation. Givoni conducted experiments in a wind tunnel to study the ventilation performance of wing walls. This paper presents a numerical study of the ventilation performance of wing walls using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Two-dimensional and three-dimensional simulations are compared with the results of the experiments of Givoni. The results indicate that wing wall can promote natural ventilation by increasing the air change per hour and the mean indoor air speed relative to wind speed at various wind speeds and wind directions. The best performance of wing wall is at the wind angle of around 45°. The study also shows that 3D CFD simulation produces similar trend to the experimental results though there are some discrepancies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1002
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2007


  • Buildings
  • CFD
  • Green features
  • Natural ventilation
  • Wing walls

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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