Steady and pulsatile flow characteristics in rigid abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) models were investigated computationally (using Fluent v.4.3) over a range of Reynolds number (from 200 to 1600) and Womersley number (from 17 to 22). Some comparisons with measurements obtained by particle image velocimetry under the pulsatile flow conditions are also included. A sinusoidal inlet flow waveform 1+sin ?t with thin inlet boundary layers was used to produce the required pulsatile flow conditions. The bulk features of the mean flow as well as some detailed features, such as wall shear stress distributions, are the foci of the present investigation. Recirculating vortices appeared at different phases of a flow cycle causing significant spatial and temporal variations in wall shear stresses and static pressure distributions. A high level of shear stresses usually appeared at the upstream and downstream ends of the bulge. Effects of pressure rise caused by the increase in cross-sectional area were transmitted into the downstream tube. Further simulation studies were conducted using simulated physiological waveforms under resting and exercise conditions so as to determine the possible implication of vortex dynamics inside the AAA model.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering