A Novel Miniature Four-Dimensional Force/Torque Sensor With Overload Protection Mechanism

Qiaokang Liang, Dan Zhang, Yunjian Ge, Quanjun Song

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


—Force sensors play a key role in modern technology. Specifically, they can measure the force of mechatronics systems used in automated manufacturing environments, thereby enabling such systems to function effectively, thus facilitating decision making. However, the most current generation of force and torque sensors is complicated and expensive. Moreover, these sensors cannot be used for many applications because they are too brittle to sustain a large load. Accordingly, this paper presents a novel miniature four-dimensional force sensor, whose element is in the form of an E-type membrane connected to double rectangle slices. This sensor is aimed at obtaining the accurate interaction forces, including the normal force, both tangential force terms and the torque about the normal axis, in most applications. Furthermore, the sensor contains the advantages of configuration simplicity, overload protection and high sensitivity. Experiment results demonstrate its strong linearity, weak couplings among dimensions and simple calibration. The maximum nonlinearity errors is 0.18% F.S. and the maximum interference errors is 1.9% F.S.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1741-1747
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Force-sensing element
  • force/torque sensor
  • fourdimensional
  • overload protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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