A novel hierarchical fingerprint matching approach

Feng Liu, Qijun Zhao, Dapeng Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fingerprint matching is an important and essential step in automated fingerprint recognition systems (AFRSs). The noise and distortion of captured fingerprints and the inaccurate of extracted features make fingerprint matching a very difficult problem. With the advent of high-resolution fingerprint imaging techniques and the increasing demand for high security, sweat pores have been recently attracting increasing attention in automatic fingerprint recognition. Therefore, this paper takes fingerprint pore matching as an example to show the robustness of our proposed matching method to the errors caused by the fingerprint representation. This method directly matches pores in fingerprints by adopting a coarse-to-fine strategy. In the coarse matching step, a tangent distance and sparse representation-based matching method (denoted as TD-Sparse) is proposed to compare pores in the template and test fingerprint images and establish one-to-many pore correspondences between them. The proposed TD-Sparse method is robust to noise and distortions in fingerprint images. In the fine matching step, false pore correspondences are further excluded by a weighted RANdom SAmple Consensus (WRANSAC) algorithm in which the weights of pore correspondences are determined based on the dis-similarity between the pores in the correspondences. The experimental results on two databases of high-resolution fingerprints demonstrate that the proposed method can achieve much higher recognition accuracy compared with other state-of-the-art pore matching methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1604-1613
Number of pages10
JournalPattern Recognition
Volume44
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Fingerprint matching
  • Sparse representation
  • Tangent distance
  • TD-Sparse
  • Weighted RANdom SAmple Consensus (WRANSAC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence

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