A novel fuzzy Bayesian network-based MADM model for offshore wind turbine selection in busy waterways: An application to a case in China

Jie Xue, Tsz Leung Yip, Bing Wu, Chaozhong Wu, P. H.A.J.M. van Gelder

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Offshore wind power is an important renewable energy source and plays an essential role in optimizing the energy structure worldwide. Simultaneously, offshore wind turbine (OWT) selection is a complicated process since it concerning various variables and optimization scenarios. In this paper, a novel fuzzy Bayesian network-based model for multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) is proposed. First of all, a three-layer decision-making framework for OWT selection is established through systematically combing previous studies, expert knowledge, and the principal component analysis (PCA) results by treating the wind turbine parameters, wind turbine economy, wind turbine reliability, and navigation safety as the attributes, and the corresponding 11 influencing factors are identified and quantified. Moreover, a triangular fuzzy number is introduced to fuzzify each influencing factor, and the belief degree for different linguistic variables corresponding to the specific influencing factor is employed in the fuzzy IF-THEN rule system. Then, the belief rule base is transformed into the Bayesian network as the conditional probability tables (CPTs), which can directly express the influence relationship of various factors and realize the integration of various influence factors to obtain the optimal scheme. Finally, the proposed model is validated by taking a case study in busy waterways in the Eastern China Sea as an example. This research provides an intuitive, feasible, and practical way for OWT selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-917
Number of pages21
JournalRenewable Energy
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Fuzzy bayesian network
  • Marine traffic safety
  • Multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM)
  • Offshore wind turbine (OWT)
  • Principal component analysis (PCA)
  • Wind energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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