A novel electrode formed with electrospun nano- and micro-scale carbon fibers for aqueous redox flow batteries

J. Sun, H. R. Jiang, M. C. Wu, X. Z. Fan, C. Y.H. Chao, T. S. Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This work reports on a novel electrode prepared with electrospun nano- and micro-scale carbon fibers for aqueous redox flow batteries. Larger fibers, ~10 μm in diameter, form larger pores to provide pathways for electrolyte flow, while smaller fibers, ~1 μm in diameter, increase active surface area for redox reactions. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller and pressure drop tests show that the specific surface area of the prepared dual-diameter electrode is doubled as compared with the large-fiber electrode, while the estimated permeability is enhanced by 1.4 times as opposed to the small-fiber electrode. The application of the dual-diameter electrodes to a vanadium redox flow battery allows the battery to achieve an energy efficiency of 84.78% at the current density of 100 mA cm−2, which is 13.57% higher than that with small-fiber electrodes, and 3.91% higher than that with large-fiber electrodes. Even at a high current density of 200 mA cm−2, the battery with the prepared electrode can still maintain the energy efficiency of 74.18%, which is 5.5% higher than that with large-fiber electrodes, and the battery with small-fiber electrodes cannot be operated at such high current density. This dual-diameter fibrous structure provides inspirations for the future electrode design in aqueous redox flow batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number228441
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Aqueous redox flow battery
  • Dual-diameter carbon fiber
  • Electrospinning
  • Permeability
  • Pore size
  • Specific surface area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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