A novel ductile machining model of single-crystal silicon for freeform surfaces with large azimuthal height variation by ultra-precision fly cutting

Zhanwen Sun, Suet To (Corresponding Author), Shaojian Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra-precision fly cutting (UPFC) is an important technology in the fabrication of freeform surfaces on single-crystal silicon. However, the insufficient understanding of the ductile machining mechanisms in UPFC of silicon under a large depth of cut highly limits the practical fabrication of freeform surfaces with large azimuthal height variation (AHV). Especially, no work has been found on studying the ductile machining model in UPFC of silicon considering both feed and step motion of the diamond tool. In this study, a novel ductile machining model in UPFC of silicon is proposed to demonstrate the superiority of UPFC on achieving the deep ductile-cut region. Experimental validation has been conducted by fabricating two kinds of freeform surfaces, namely micro-grooves and an F-theta lens, on silicon. This paper theoretically and experimentally elaborates that the chip thickness of UPFC is not only determined by the machining parameters, but also is the inversely proportional function of the swing distance of the diamond tool. Thus, by employing a large enough swing distance, much thinner chips can be generated by UPFC even when machining under large cutting depths and feed rates. Therefore, a deep ductile-cut region of silicon can be achieved by UPFC with a large swing distance. Freeform surfaces with tens of micrometers of AHV can be successfully fabricated on silicon by UPFC without the generation of brittle fractures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


  • Freeform surface
  • Micro-groove
  • Single-crystal silicon
  • Ultra-precision fly cutting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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