A novel bidirectional flux-modulation permanent magnet (BFMPM) machine for stand-alone dc wind power generation is proposed in this paper. The key is to control the inner rotor position with a small servo motor, and with the bidirectional flux-modulation effect, the resultant induced voltages in two sets of stator windings can be adjusted accordingly. Consequently, in a wide wind speed range, the various-speed constant-amplitude-voltage operation is realized. The novel structure has two major merits. First, it has high reliability without the maintenance problems caused by mechanical gearboxes, slip ring assembly, and brushes. Second, the proposed system requires a low-cost uncontrolled diode rectifier, which enhances the reliability and reduces the cost of the system. The analytical model and operation principle of the BFMPM machine are illustrated and the simulation results using a finite-element method is presented. A prototype is optimized and fabricated. The experimental results agree well with the simulation results and verify the correctness of the analytical model and the effectiveness of the proposed structure. Therefore, the novel structure offers a potential solution to provide a stable dc power for the standalone condition, such as remote area and offshore island.
- finite element method (FEM)
- flux bidirectional modulation
- wind power generation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering