A novel cathode architecture with a thin reaction layer alleviates mixed potentials and catalyst poisoning in direct methanol fuel cells

X. H. Yan, T. S. Zhao, Liang An, G. Zhao, L. Zeng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methanol crossover is a barrier that limits the widespread deployment of direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) technology. As methanol crossover can be reduced, but cannot be completely eliminated, efforts should be focused on reducing the adverse impacts of permeated methanol on the cathode, i.e.: the problems of mixed potential and Pt poisoning. In this work, we propose a novel cathode structure involving an additional thin reaction layer that is interfaced with the membrane. The reaction layer, conducting ions but being insulated to electrons, is able to chemically consume permeated methanol to reduce the methanol concentration on the cathode. Experimental results show that the adoption of the proposed cathode not only increases the open-circuit voltage due to a reduced mixed-potential loss, but also decreases the desorption peaks of intermediates on the cathode catalyst (Pt) surfaces as a result of an alleviation in Pt-poisoning. Hence, the overall fuel cell performance exhibits a substantial improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16540-16546
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume40
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Direct methanol fuel cells
  • Fuel cells
  • Methanol crossover
  • Mixed potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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