A Novel Approach to Control of Piezo-Transducer in Microelectronics Packaging: PSO-PID and Editing Trajectory Optimization

Zhili Long, Zhaotian Jiang, Chao Wang, Yan Jin, Zhonghua Cao, Yangmin Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents a novel optimization algorithm to control the ultrasonic vibration of piezo-transducer in microelectronics packaging. The control of resonant frequency tracking to piezo-transducer is significant to the bonding quality. A conventional PID controller is applied to track the resonant frequency of piezo-transducer dynamically; however, there are shortcomings, such as tedious parameter tuning and uncertain optimal parameters. This article proposes the particle swarm optimization (PSO) to search the PID parameters intelligently. The MATLAB-Simulink model of PSO-PID is established to analyze the phase and frequency response of the piezo-transducer by a closed loop, where the optimal control parameters are determined by the PSO search. To solve the conventional abrupt ultrasonic power, an editable voltage trajectory with analytical geometry is proposed to provide various driving voltage trajectories. Finally, the control experiments with the proposed optimization are carried out in ultrasonic wire bonder. The results validate that the PSO-PID and editing trajectory optimizations can attain competitive bonding quality, stability, and robustness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9083949
Pages (from-to)795-805
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Editing trajectory
  • microelectronics packaging
  • particle swarm optimization (PSO)-PID optimization
  • piezo-transducer
  • resonant frequency tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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