A nonurban ozone air pollution episode over eastern China: Observations and model simulations

C. Luo, J. C. St John, Zhou Xiuji, Ka Se Lam, Tao Wang, W. L. Chameides

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Air quality data gathered from five nonurban sites in China over a 12-month period from August 1994 to August 1995, along with meteorological observations from the same region and period, are used to identify and characterize a nonurban ozone (O3) pollution episode in China. Because of the influence of the Asian Monsoonal Circulation, high O3concentrations were not observed at the nonurban sites during the summer months. However, enhanced O3concentrations were observed during the other seasons, especially the fall and early winter. A more detailed inspection of the O3data during the period from October 15, 1994, to January 15, 1995, indicated the occurrence of a multiple-day episode in late October/early November when high O3concentrations were observed at all four monitoring sites located in eastern China. Meteorological conditions during the episode were characterized by the presence of a strong and stationary high-pressure ridge over eastern China; synoptic conditions quite similar to those observed during regional O3pollution episodes over the United States, Canada, and Europe. An updated version of the Regional Acid Deposition Model (RADM) driven by meteorological fields derived from the Regional Climate Model (RegCM) and spatially disaggregated anthropogenic emissions prepared by the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences is used to simulate 3 months of the observed O3data from China. Comparisons between observations and model calculations indicate that the model is able to reproduce some of the key features of the O3distribution and its relationship to the concentration of one primary pollutant (i.e., sulfur dioxide) provided the comparison is made using averaging times of several days or more. However, simulation of day-to-day variations in O3at a given site was poorly correlated with observations. Model simulations suggest that peak O3concentrations during this episode would respond to changes in NOxand VOC emissions in a spatially inhomogeneous manner. In general, rural areas in southern China tend to be NOx-limited, but rural areas in northern China tend to be VOC-limited. The Yangtze Delta region, where the highest O3concentrations were observed and predicted to occur, was found to be transitional between VOC and NOxlimitation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1999JD900970
Pages (from-to)1889-1908
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume105
Issue numberD2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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