Highly emissive three-coordinate copper(i) complexes have received much attention. Here, a new synthetic strategy for the preparation of a bulky terphenyl bidentate phosphine ligand mpdp is presented. A series of mononuclear three-coordinate Cu(i) halide complexes [CuX(mpdp)] (mpdp = 4,4′,4′′,5,5′,5′′-hexamethyl-(1,1′:2′,1′′-terphenyl)-2,2′′-bis(diphenylphosphine), X = I (1), Br (2) and Cl (3)), were synthesized. This method provides a three-coordinate linkage between the bulky bidentate phosphine ligand and CuX. These complexes exhibit green to yellow green emission in the solid state at room temperature and have peak emission wavelengths at 493-533 nm with microsecond lifetimes (τ = 7.2-415.9 μs). Small S1-T1 energy gaps in the solid state indicate that the emission occurs from a thermally activated excited singlet state at ambient temperature. The emission of complexes 1-3 mainly originates from MLCT and XLCT transitions. The solution-processed devices of complex 1 exhibit yellow emission with a CIE (x, y) of (0.44, 0.47).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry