A new measurement approach for deflection monitoring of large-scale bored piles using distributed fiber sensing technology

Dong sheng Xu, Jianhua Yin, Hua bei Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


A novel distributed fiber optic strain sensing technology, named Brillouin optical time-domain analysis (BOTDA), has been used to study the performance of large-diameter bored piles subjected to a slope excavation in Hong Kong. A new installation method for the distributed fiber optic sensors (FOS) in the bored piles was proposed in this study. Distributed strains along the instrumented bored piles were obtained by BOTDA sensors during multi-stage excavations. Details of sensor design, field installations, sensor protections, and data analysis are presented in this paper. Axial and bending strains along the instrumented pile were obtained by two sets of BOTDA sensors installed on diametrical opposite sides along the pile. The calculation method for deriving the lateral deflections from distributed strains is described. Thus, the calculated lateral deflections from BOTDA sensors were compared with the traditional inclinometers which were installed at the center of the same instrumented bored pile. Measurements obtained from the BOTDA sensors were found to be in good agreement with the inclinometer data. The maximum lateral wall deflection over the excavation depth was between 0.05% and 0.1%. The lessons learned from this field implementation are discussed and suggestions provided for further similar applications. Field application in this study reveals that the BOTDA measurement has great potential to be used for performance monitoring of large diameter piles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-454
Number of pages11
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • Bored pile
  • Deflection
  • Fiber optical sensor
  • Field monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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