A new geostatistical approach for filling gaps in Landsat ETM+ SLC-off images

Xiaolin Zhu, Desheng Liu, Jin Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

147 Citations (Scopus)


Since the failure of scan-line corrector (SLC) of the Landsat 7 Enhanced Thermal Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor, a number of methods have been developed to fill the un-scanned gaps in ETM+ images. Unfortunately, the quality of the images filled by most of these existing methods is still not satisfactory, particularly in heterogeneous regions. Recently, a Neighborhood Similar Pixel Interpolator (NSPI) was developed that can accurately fill gaps in SLC-off images even in heterogeneous regions. However, the NSPI method is a type of deterministic interpolation approach that sets its weight parameters empirically and cannot provide statistical uncertainty of prediction. This study proposes a new gap-filling method called Geostatistical Neighborhood Similar Pixel Interpolator (GNSPI) by improving the NSPI method using geostatistical theory. The simulation study shows that: compared with previous geostatistical methods, the image filled by GNSPI has fewer striping effects; compared with NSPI, GNSPI is less empirical in its weight parameters and can provide uncertainty of prediction. More importantly, it can generate more accurate results than NSPI, especially when there is a long time interval between the input auxiliary image and the target SLC-off image.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Gap filling
  • Geostatistical
  • Kriging
  • Landsat ETM+
  • SLC-off

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


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