A new DGT technique comprising a hybrid sensor for the simultaneous high resolution 2-D imaging of sulfides, metallic cations, oxyanions and dissolved oxygen

Mingyi Ren, Shiming Ding, Zhihui Dai, Jingfu Wang, Cai Li, Zhilin Zhong, Jingxin Cao, Liyuan Yang, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Shiwei Xu, Chenye Yang, Yan Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A new diffusive gradients in thin films technique (HR-ZCA DGT) was developed for simultaneous two-dimensional (2-D) chemical imaging of sulfides, metallic cations and oxyanions (S, Cd, Co, Fe, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn, As, Cr, Mo, Sb, Se, V, P and W) at the submillimeter scale, combined with laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analysis. A novel binding gel was prepared using a double precipitation method with AgI and zirconium oxide (Zr-oxide) deposited sequentially on a preformed Chelex-100 resin gel. A good linear relationship was observed (R2>0.99) between mass accumulation of the 17 assessed elements on the binding gel and the corresponding standardized laser ablation signals (signals of elements divided by signals of internal standard 13C), proving the feasibility of LA-ICP-MS analysis. Good analytical precision (RSD<12 %) was achieved for all 17 elements. A hybrid sensor comprising the novel DGT binding gel overlying an O2 planar optrode was then tested in sediments to evaluate the dynamics of O2 and multiple elements. Results showed that the mobility of As, P and W were controlled by precipitation/dissolution processes with Fe/Mn oxides. V, Co, Ni, Zn, Mo, Cd and Sb were released at the sediment surface with the oxidation of iron sulfides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123597
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2021


  • Diffusive gradients in thin films
  • Oxyanion
  • Planar optrode
  • Potentially toxic elements
  • Sulfide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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