A new DGT technique comprised in a hybrid sensor for the simultaneous measurement of ammonium, nitrate, phosphorus and dissolved oxygen

Mingyi Ren, Shiming Ding, Dan Shi, Zhilin Zhong, Jingxin Cao, Liyuan Yang, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Dan Wang, Donghua Zhao, Yan Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


A new diffusive gradients in thin films technique (ZrO-AT DGT) with zirconium oxide, A-62 MP and T-42H resins containing in a single binding gel was developed for simultaneous measurement of nitrate (NO3-N), ammonium (NH4-N) and phosphate (PO4-P). The DGT uptake was found to be independent of pH variation from 3.2–8.7. Ionic strengths below 5, 10 and 750 mmol·L−1 NaCl did not affect DGT uptake of NH4-N, NO3-N and PO4-P, respectively. This new DGT was deployed in natural freshwater environments, with in situ measurements of the three nutrients found to be accurate. It ensured that rinsing the exposed surface of the DGT device at 3-day intervals can prevent biofouling. Additionally, a hybrid sensor comprising the novel DGT binding layer overlying an O2 planar optrode was tested in sediments to evaluate the dynamics of O2 and the three nutrients. Results showed that PO4-P and NO3-N fluxes decreased while fluxes of NH4-N increased under aerobic conditions. Nearly simultaneous variation in O2 and NO3-N was observed at the sediment-water interface (SWI) and transformation of NO3-N and PO4-P was found to be sensitively influenced by O2 dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number138447
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2020


  • Ammonium
  • Nitrate
  • Passive sampling
  • Phosphorus
  • Simultaneous measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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