A Nano-Ink for gel pens based on scalable CNC preparation

Wenbo Wang, Shiyu Fu, Shao Yuan Leu, Chengyu Dong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: Recently, gel pens have been the most popular writing instrument all over the world because of their excellent writing performance. However, the gel ink of the pen is difficult to manufacture because the composition of the ink is complicated with specific rheological properties and high-stability requirements. This is the first report of an easily manufactured Nano-Ink for gel pens that is based on cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) grafted to reactive dyes. The obtained Nano-Ink exhibits proper rheological properties and writing performance when the concentration of CNCs in this ink is 5.96%. For the potential commercial application of this Nano-Ink, a method for large-scale production of CNCs is also developed in our laboratory, including pretreatment of raw material with sulfuric acid, purification of the treated cellulosic fiber with ammonium bicarbonate (AH-NH4HCO3), and then homogenization. In AH-NH4HCO3 method, the “ultrafine fibers” are retained in the presence of NH4HCO3 during centrifugation, and the added NH4HCO3 is removed by vacuum distillation. The final CNC yield after homogenization is above 90%, which is much higher than that in previous reports, when dissolving pulp as feedstock is treated with 58% sulfuric acid at 55 °C for 45 min. Therefore, the Nano-Ink based on CNCs is promisingly going to commercial production. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6465-6478
Number of pages14
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • CNC preparation
  • Dyed CNCs
  • Gel pen
  • Nano-Ink
  • Rheological property
  • Writing performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics


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