A multilevel approach to the effects of pay variation

Samantha A. Conroy, Nina Gupta, Jason DeFrance Shaw, Tae Youn Park

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we review the literature on pay variation (e.g., pay dispersion, pay compression, pay range) in organizations. Pay variation research has increased markedly in the past two decades and much progress has been made in terms of understanding its consequences for individual, team, and organizational outcomes. Our review of this research exposes several levels-related assumptions that have limited theoretical and empirical progress. We isolate the issues that deserve attention, develop an illustrative multilevel model, and offer a number of testable propositions to guide future research on pay structures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch in Personnel and Human Resources Management
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages64
ISBN (Print)9781783508471
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Publication series

NameResearch in Personnel and Human Resources Management
ISSN (Print)0742-7301


  • Compensation
  • Financial incentives
  • Organizational Performance
  • Pay dispersion
  • Pay variation
  • Strategic HR
  • Turnover
  • Wage compression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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