A Multifunctional Zwitterion Electrolyte Additive for Highly Reversible Zinc Metal Anode

Xinlong Liu, Bingang Xu (Corresponding Author), Jian Lu, Jing Han, Shenzhen Deng, Xiao Yu, Yongling An, Yun Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Although zinc metal anode is promising for zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) owing to high energy density, its reversibility is significantly obstructed by uncontrolled dendrite growth and parasitic reactions. Optimizing electrolytes is a facile yet effective method to simultaneously address these issues. Herein, 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid (MES), a pH buffer as novel additive, is initially introduced into conventional ZnSO4 electrolyte to ensure a dendrite-free zinc anode surface, enabling a stable Zn/electrolyte interface, which is achieved by controlling the solvated sheath through H2O poor electric double layer (EDL) derived from zwitterionic groups. Moreover, this zwitterionic additive can balance localized H+ concentration of the electrolyte system, thus preventing parasitic reactions in damaging electrodes. DFT calculation proves that the MES additive has a strong affinity with Zn2+ and induces uniform deposition along (002) orientation. As a result, the Zn anode in MES-based electrolyte exhibits exceptional plating/stripping lifespan with 1600 h at 0.5 mA cm−2 (0.5 mAh cm−2) and 430 h at 5.0 mA cm−2 (5.0 mAh cm−2) while it maintains high coulombic efficiency of 99.8%. This work proposes an effective and facile approach for designing dendrite-free anode for future aqueous Zn-based storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2307557
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2024


  • dendrite-free
  • electrolyte additive
  • pH buffer
  • Zn anodes
  • zwitterion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • General Materials Science
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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