A multi-group analysis of social media engagement and loyalty constructs between full-service and low-cost carriers in Hong Kong

C. K.M. Lee, K. K.H. Ng, Hing Kai Chan, K. L. Choy, W. C. Tai, L. S. Choi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the factors that influence customer loyalty to full-service carriers and low-cost carriers in the Hong Kong airline industry. A hypothesis model is proposed to examine the relationship of various drivers of customer loyalty. In this study, engagement in social media was used to assess the effect of advertising, while the impacts of perceived service quality were considered to measure the effect on perceived value, and their impacts on customer satisfaction and loyalty. Three hundred and fifty-six questionnaires were distributed at the Hong Kong International Airport to collect data. The multi-group analysis was conducted to evaluate the hypothesis model with two groups of passengers. The results confirmed that social media engagement, perceived service quality, and perceived value have an incidental relationship to customer satisfaction. Media engagement and service quality are the strong predictors of attitudinal and behavioural loyalty in low-cost carriers. Interestingly, our findings show that the two groups of passengers have notable differences regarding loyalty construction, which adequately explain how passengers have different service expectations and needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-57
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Air Transport Management
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


  • Airline industry
  • Customer loyalty
  • Multi-group analysis
  • Perceived value
  • Social media engagement
  • Structural equation modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Law

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