A multi-class, multi-criteria bicycle traffic assignment model

Seungkyu Ryu, Anthony Chen, Jacqueline Su, Keechoo Choi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Cycling is gaining popularity both as a mode of travel in urban communities and as an alternative mode to private motorized vehicles due to its wide range of benefits (health, environmental, and economical). However, this change in modal share is not reflected in current transportation planning and travel demand forecasting modeling processes. The existing practices to model bicycle trips in a network are not sophisticated enough to describe the full cyclist experience in route decision-making. This is evident in the existing practices’ methodology: the all-or-nothing assignment uses single attributes such as distance, safety, or a composite measure of safety multiplied by distance. The purpose of this article is to develop a multi-class and multi-criteria bicycle traffic assignment model that not only accounts for multiple user classes by acknowledging that there are different types of cyclists with varying levels of biking experience, but also for relevant factors that may affect each user classes behavior in route choice decisions. The multi-class, multi-criteria bicycle traffic assignment model is developed in a two-stage process. The first stage examines key criteria to generate the set of non-dominated (or efficient) routes for each user class, and the second stage determines the flow allocation to efficient routes by user class. Numerical experiments are then conducted to demonstrate the two-stage approach for the multi-class, multi-criteria bicycle traffic assignment model.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Transportation
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Bicycle
  • cyclist route choice
  • multi-class
  • multi-objective shortest path
  • traffic assignment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation


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