A model for drying of porous materials: From generality to specific applications

Wei Wang, Hongxin Ma, Guohua Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Mathematical modeling has been the primary approach for a detailed analysis of the porous material drying process. A number of mathematical models were developed over the past few decades since Luikov's system and Whitaker's theory. The present article offers a brief review of how the mathematical model for various drying purpose evolves through analyzing and summarizing the modeling works carried out in the authors' lab. A general mathematical model is presented and discussed for drying of porous materials based on analysis of the coupled heat and mass transport phenomena. Understanding of the drying behavior is presented with specific applications of the model. The findings on low-intensity convective drying, fixed bed drying, fluidized bed drying of porous particles, as well as freeze-drying of various high-value materials with (or without) microwave heating are examined and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1542-1555
Number of pages14
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Fixed bed
  • Fluidized bed
  • Freeze drying
  • Heat and mass transport
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Porous material drying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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