A model for continuously degrading systems with outsourcing maintenance service

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It is a common practice in industry that maintenance service is outsourced to external suppliers. In this paper, a model for a continuously degrading system is developed such that an optimal inspection-maintenance strategy can be derived. The model is capable of handling the situation when there is deferment of the maintenance services. Hence, the system manager can decide whether to stop system operation during the waiting time for the maintenance services. The system is subjected to two degradation sources: 1) the degradation due to the operation of the system; 2) the degradation due to the operation environment. An optimal value of the inter-inspection time and an optimal maintenance threshold are then obtained by numerical methods such that the average availability of the system is maximised. Illustrative examples and some special cases are also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-201
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Mathematics in Operational Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2018


  • Availability
  • Degrading system
  • Maintenance outsourcing
  • Periodic inspection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Decision Sciences(all)

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