A methodology for eco-efficiency evaluation of residential development at city level

D. Z. Li, Chi Man Hui, Yuk Ping Barbara Leung, Q. M. Li, X. Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Residential development provides product/service value like floor space, while at the same time it induces severe environmental impacts. This paper introduces a methodology for eco-efficiency (EE) evaluation of residential development at city level, which links product/service value and environmental impacts together. Different from previous researches on environmental impacts related to the construction process of residential buildings, the proposed methodology selects the ecological footprint (EF) as an aggregate environmental indicator to represent all resources consumed and all wastes produced by residential development, while the traditional EF model of a region is improved in view of characters of residential development. Since the final and main objective of the residential development is to provide floor space, which is chosen as the indicator of product/service value herein. The proposed methodology is applied and exemplified in the eco-efficiency evaluation of residential development in three Chinese cities, namely, Beijing, Shanghai, and Nanjing. Results derived from the proposed methodology can help policy-makers and participants in the industry to assess residential development quantitatively and roundly. They can also provide implications for the environmental management of residential development at city level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-573
Number of pages8
JournalBuilding and Environment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2010


  • China
  • Eco-efficiency
  • Ecological footprint
  • Environmental efficiency
  • Environmental impacts
  • Residential development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


Dive into the research topics of 'A methodology for eco-efficiency evaluation of residential development at city level'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this